Privatisation ( Nijikaran)

Economy me ninji place ki bhumika me vradhhi ki prakriya nikjikaran ya fr privatisation kahalati hai.

Iske antargat economy me niji ko adhik avsar oradan kiye. Jate hai tarha social olace ki bhumika ghatai jati hai.


Nijikaran ki prakriya me un sabhi artik nitiyo ko shamil kiya hata hai. Jo niji se vistar ko bhadava deti hai.

Parampara gat tor pr niji karan ka tatoarya social ya rajya sampattiomyo ko niji ya niyantral me dene ki prakriya se liya jata hai.

Independent ke bad 1990 tak apnaigai gai industry nitiyo me anek udhyogo ko sirf social place ke liye arakshit kr diya gaya tha tatha anek industry ki istapna hetu license ki anivaryata kr di gai thi.

In nitigat nirnyo ne niji shetra ke vikas ko simit kr diya fal swarup sarwajanik shetra ka anawashyak vistar ho gya tha tatha is shetra me utoadakta bohot kam hi gai .

Social shetra ke anek udhyam sarkar ka bojh bam gaye. 1991 ki niti me license ki lagbhag sampti tatha sarvajanik shetra ke arkaashan prapt udhyaogo ki samshya me bhari kmine niji shtra ke kiye vikas ne naye dwar khol diye.

Nijikaran ke dwara 1991 me arth vyastha ki economy ke un shetro ko khol diya gya jo ap tak niji shetra ke liye varjt the.

Nijikaran ke antargat sarkari shetra me vinvesh bhi kiya jata hai. Yah bhi nijikaran ka ek upaye he. Shuddha roop me vinivesh sampdao ke tarliakan ki kriya hai lekin samaya tor or iska arth rajya dwada sarwhanik udhyamo ne apnayyaa anch niji shtera ko becch dene se hai.

Sarkar ya rajya sarvajanik ushyam me apne hisse ka ek bhag ya samourn hisse ko niji shetda ko bech skta hai. Bharat me bhi niji karan geto 1991 se 1992 me vinivesh karyakarm prarambh kiya gya.

Nijikaran se sarkar ko rajkoshiye anushahsn isthpit krne me shayata mili. Is se arth vyavastha ki pratishat tk shakti me sudhar hua

Globalization ( vaishvikaran) :-

Gharelu arthvy vastha ka vishv economy ke sath ekikaran vaishvikaran kahalata hai. Globalization ek eaise prakriya hai jisme rastrya arth vyavastha ka vistar unki rajnaitik simao ke baha r hota hai.

Is se artik khule pan tatha desho ke bich artik nirbharta me vraddhi hoti hai. Isise bhibhnn ayano me different rastro me bich vastuyo ka mukt prabhav ounji ka nibhat prabhu or samay ki vittiya bazar sharam ka swatantrata pradesh Pradhogik ka swatantra tatha gyan ka prasar adhi sammalit hai.

Independent ke pachyat bharat ne international trading tatha international currency pr anek pratibandh lgaye the.

Gharelu utoadako ko videshi pratiyogita ke sanrakshan pradan krne ke loye ise aniwarya kiya gya. Year 1992 me sarkar ne yah nishya kiya ki bharatiy utapdako ke kiye vishya ke se pratiyogita krne ka samay aa gya hai.

Yah accept kiya gaya ki competition se baat kenme me independence tatha pratibandh ki gunvakta me sudhar hoga. Vaishvikaran kiprakriya me bharat me international trading and international currency pr se pratibhndo ko safi sima tk hata diya gaya.

Trading disturbance ko hatakr ayati ko udarikaen kiya gaya. Kich ko chodkr adhikansh vastuyo ke vyapar ki anumati de di gai hai.

Bahu rashtriya companiya ka prakriya me important bhumika nibha rhi hai. Ek bahurashtriya company vah hai jo ek se adhik deksho me utpadan pr control tatha swamitva rakhti hai.

Present time, different desho ke bich sevao me nivesh or prodhogiki ka adhan oradan ho rha hai. Nijikaran ke antargat sarkari shetra me vinvesh bhi kiya jata hai.

Yah bhi nijikaran ka ek upaye he. Shuddha roop me vinivesh sampdao ke tarliakan ki kriya hai lekin samaya tor or iska arth rajya dwada sarwhanik udhyamo ne apnayyaa anch niji shtera ko becch dene se hai.

Sarkar ya rajya sarvajanik ushyam me apne hisse ka ek bhag ya samourn hisse ko niji shetda ko bech skta hai.

Bharat me bhi niji karan geto 1991 se 1992 me vinivesh karyakarm prarambh kiya gya. Nijikaran se sarkar ko rajkoshiye anushahsn isthpit krne me shayata mili. Is se arth vyavastha ki pratishat tk shakti me sudhar hua .

Suchna and sanchar prodhyogiki pe vikash ne ko tivra gati pradan ki hai. Isne different deshi ke bich sevao ke utoana prasan me nibhai hai. bharat ne bhi suchna and sanchar Praodhok me badolat apni sevao ko international market me bech kr globalization ke fayado ko bhunaya hai.

Globalization ki prakriya ne sampurn vishv me sansadhano ke avantan me sudhar kr ise adhik karya khushal banaya hai. Is se utpadan lagate giri hai. Tatha utpado ki gunvatta me sudhar hua hai.

World trading corporate ki isthapna 1 january 1995 ko hui. Yah nationas ke bich vyapar ke niyamo ke nirdharan tatha niyaman ka karya karta hai.

Yah bahu pakshiya vyapar samjhoto ke kriya naywan tatha niyantran ka karya krta hai. Yah apne sadaya rastro ko vyapar samjhote ya vichar vimarsha ke liye upyukt much pradan krta hai.

Yah different nationa ke bich trading realated disputes solution ka work bhi krta hai

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